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How Does the Florida Circuit Court Work?

Florida Trial Courts are divided into two, namely Circuit and County Courts. The Circuit Court hears appeals from County Court cases and cases not assigned by statute to the County Courts. Most jury trials in Florida take place before one judge in the Circuit Court.

Florida Circuit Courts are sometimes referred to as courts of general jurisdiction because most civil and criminal cases originate at this level. However, the court’s jurisdiction is categorized into three, including:

  • Appeal Jurisdiction
  • Certiorari Jurisdiction
  • Original Jurisdiction

The appeal Jurisdiction of the Florida Circuit Courts may be sought to review the following:

  • Administrative action, if provided by general law.
  • Final orders of lower courts of justice as provided by general law
  • Non-final orders of lower courts of justice as provided by general law

The certiorari jurisdiction of the Florida Circuit Courts may be sought to review non-final orders of lower courts of justice other than as prescribed by rule 9.130. 

Under the original jurisdiction, the Florida Circuit Courts may issue extraordinary writs of common law certiorari, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, habeas corpus, and others necessary to exercise the courts’ jurisdiction fully.

Also, some of the cases heard by the Circuit Courts include:

  • Civil disputes involving more than $30,000
  • Cases relating to juveniles
  • Controversies involving the estates of minors, decedents, and persons adjudicated as incapacitated
  • Tax disputes
  • Criminal prosecutions for all felonies; 
  • Suits for declaratory judgments that is, to determine the legal rights or responsibilities of parties under the terms of written laws, instruments, or regulations before a dispute arises and leads to litigation
  • Requests for injunctions to prevent persons or entities from acting in a manner that is asserted to be unlawful
  • Actions to determine the title, boundaries, and of real property

In Florida Circuit Courts, there is no fixed number of judges; the population and caseload in a particular area of coverage determine the number of judges there. The requirements for the office of a circuit judge is as follows, the individual:

  • Must be a qualified elector of a county within the circuit 
  • Must have been a Florida Bar member of good standing for a minimum of five years

The circuits’ voters elect Circuit Court judges in contested, nonpartisan elections against other individuals who qualify as candidates for the position. Circuit Court judges have a six-year term on the appointment, although they are subject to disciplinary measures standards similar to the Supreme Court Justices and District Court judges. The punitive measures may involve the judge being:

  • Sentenced by a two-thirds vote of the Senate and impeached by a two-thirds vote of the Florida House of Representatives 
  • Removed by the Supreme Court after a recommendation from the Florida Judicial Qualifications Commission

Among the circuit judges and county judges in each judicial circuit, a chief judge is chosen to perform administrative responsibilities for all trial courts (both circuit and county courts).

Circuit Court case records are maintained at the court’s office clerk in the Circuit Court, where the case was heard. Interested persons may query this office in writing or complete a request form provided by the court. The case number and other details relating to the case may be required during the request process.

The length of time a case takes in the Circuit Court is not fixed as each case is treated discreetly. It depends on the facts of the case and the caseload of the court.

The Florida court system is made up of 20 judicial circuits, including:

First Circuit - Escambia, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, and Walton

Second Circuit - Franklin, Gadsden, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, and Wakulla

Third Circuit - Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, Madison, Suwannee and Taylor

Fourth Circuit - Clay, Duval and Nassau

Fifth Circuit - Citrus, Hernando, Lake, Marion, and Sumter

Sixth Circuit - Pasco and Pinellas

Seventh Circuit - Flagler, Putnam, St. Johns, and Volusia

Eighth Circuit - Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Gilchrist, Levy, and Union

Ninth Circuit - Orange and Osceola

Tenth Circuit - Hardee, Highlands, and Polk

Eleventh Circuit - Miami-Dade

Twelfth Circuit - DeSoto, Manatee, and Sarasota

Thirteenth Circuit - Hillsborough

Fourteenth Circuit - Bay, Calhoun, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson and Washington

Fifteenth Circuit - Palm Beach

Sixteenth Circuit - Monroe

Seventeenth Circuit - Broward

Eighteenth Circuit - Brevard, and Seminole

Nineteenth Circuit - Indian River, Martin, Okeechobee, and St. Lucie

Twentieth Circuit - Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry, and Lee

The Circuit Courts per county include:

Alachua County

Alachua County Circuit Court

Alachua County Criminal Justice Center

220 South Main Street, Gainesville, FL 32601

Phone: 352–374–3636

Fax: 352–338–3201

Alachua County Circuit Court

Alachua County Family / Civil Justice Center

201 East University Avenue, Gainesville, FL 32601

Phone: 352–374–3636

Fax: 352–338–3201

Baker County

Baker County Circuit Court

Baker County Courthouse

339 East Macclenny Avenue, Suite 113, Macclenny, FL 32063

Phone: 904–259–8113

Fax: 904–259–4176

Bay County

Bay County Circuit Court

300 East 4th Street, PO. Box 2269, Panama City, FL 32402

Telephone: 850–763–9061

Fax: 850–747–5188

Bay County Unified Family Court

533 East 11th Street, Panama City, FL 32401

Phone: 850–763–9061

Fax: 850–747–5188

Bradford County

Bradford County Circuit Court

945 North Temple Avenue, PO Drawer B, Starke, FL 32091

Phone: 904–966–6280

Fax: 904–966–6256

Brevard County

Brevard County Circuit Court

506 South Palm Avenue, Titusville, FL 32796

Phone: 321–637–5413

Brevard County Circuit Court - Melbourne

Melbourne Branch Courthouse

51 South Nieman Avenue, Melbourne, FL 32901

Phone: 321–952–4604

Fax: 321–952–4602

Brevard County Circuit Court - Viera

Moore Justice Center

2825 Judge Fran Jamieson Way, Viera, FL 32940

Phone: 321–617–7314

Broward County

Broward County Circuit Court

Broward County Judicial Complex

201 SE 6th Street, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301

Phone: 954–831–6565

Calhoun County

Calhoun County Circuit Court

Calhoun County Courthouse

20859 Central Avenue East, Room 130, Blountstown, FL 32424

Phone: 850–674–4545

Fax: 850–674–5553

Charlotte County

Charlotte County Circuit Court

Charlotte County Justice Center

350 East Marion Avenue, Punta Gorda, FL 33950

Phone: 941–505–4716

Charlotte County Circuit Court

Murdock Administration Building

18500 Murdock Circle, Port Charlotte, FL 33948

Phone: 941–743–1400

Citrus County

Citrus County Circuit Court

Citrus County Courthouse

110 North Apopka Avenue, Inverness, FL 34450

Phone: 352–341–6424

Fax: 352–341–6413

Clay County

Clay County Circuit Court

Clay County Courthouse

825 North Orange Avenue, PO Box 698, Green Cove Springs, FL 32043

Phone: 904–269–6302

Fax: 904–269–6390

Clay County Circuit Court - Keystone Heights

7380 State Road 100, Suite 10, Keystone Heights, FL 32656

Phone: 352–478–8016

Fax: 352–473–7652

Clay County Circuit Court - Middleburg

1836 Blanding Boulevard, Suite D, Middleburg, FL 32068

Phone: 904–282–6490

Clay County Circuit Court - Orange Park

1478 Park Avenue, Orange Park, FL 32073

Phone: 904–278–4769

Fax: 904–278–3690

Collier County

Collier County Circuit Court

3315 Tamiami Trail East, Suite 102, Naples, FL 34112

Phone: 239–252–2646

Columbia County

Columbia County Circuit Court

173 NE Hernando Avenue, Lake City, FL 32055

Phone: 386–758–1041

Fax: 386–719–7401

Desoto County

DeSoto County Circuit Court

115 East Oak Street, Room 101, Arcadia, FL 34266

Phone: 863–993–4876

Fax: 863–993–4669

Dixie County

Dixie County Circuit Court

Dixie County Courthouse

214 Northeast Highway 351, PO. Box 1206, Cross City, FL 32628

Phone: 352–498–1200

Fax: 352–498–1201

Duval County

Duval County Circuit Court - Beaches Branch

1543 Atlantic Boulevard, Neptune Beach, FL 32266

Phone: 904–255–2000

Duval County Circuit Court - Downtown Courthouse

501 West Adams Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202

Phone: 904–255–2000

Escambia County

Escambia County Circuit Court

M. C. Blanchard Judicial Building

190 West Government Street, PO Box 333, Pensacola, FL 32591

Phone: 850–595–4130 (Civil)

Phone: 850–595–4150 (Criminal/Felony)

Phone: 850–595–4331 (Family Law)

Phone: 850–595–3780 (Juvenile)

Phone: 850–595–4300 (Probate)

Phone: 850–595–4360 (Traffic)

Flagler County

Flagler County Circuit Court

Kim C. Hammond Justice Center

1769 East Moody Boulevard, Building 1, Bunnell, FL 32110

Phone: 386–313–4400

Franklin County

Franklin County Circuit Court

Franklin County Courthouse

33 Market Street, Suite 203, Apalachicola, FL 32320

Phone: 850–653–8861

Gadsden County

Gadsden County Circuit Court

Gadsden County Courthouse

10 East Jefferson Street, PO Box 1649, Quincy, FL 32351

Phone: 850–875–8601

Fax: 850–875–8612

Gilchrist County

Gilchrist County Courthouse

112 South Main Street, PO. Box 37, Trenton, FL 32693

Telephone: 352–463–3170

Fax: 352–463–3166

Glades County

Glades County Circuit Court

Glades County Courthouse

500 Avenue J SW, PO Box 10, Moore Haven, FL 33471

Phone: 863–946–6010

Fax: 863–946–0560

Hamilton County

Hamilton County Circuit Court

Hamilton County Courthouse

207 NE 1st Street, Room 106, Jasper, FL 32052

Phone: 386–792–1288

Fax: 386–792–3524

Hardee County

Hardee County Circuit Court

Hardee County Courthouse

417 West Main Street, PO Drawer 1749, Wauchula, FL 33873

Phone: 863–773–4174

Fax: 863–773–4422

Hendry County

Hendry County Circuit Court

Hendry Courthouse Complex

25 East Hickpoochee Avenue, PO Box 1760, LaBelle, FL 33975

Phone: 863–375–5217

Hendry County Circuit Court

Clewiston Sub Office

1100 South Olympia Street, Suite 502, Clewiston, FL 33440

Phone: 863–983–1464

Hernando County

Hernando County Circuit Court - Main Office

Hernando County Courthouse

20 North Main Street, Brooksville, FL 34601

Phone: 352–754–4201

Hernando County Circuit Court - Spring Hill Office

Forest Oaks Government Center

7415 Forest Oaks Boulevard, Spring Hill, FL 34606

Phone: 352–754–4201

Highlands County

Highlands County Circuit Court

Highlands County Courthouse

590 South Commerce Avenue, Sebring, FL 33870

Phone: 863–402–6565

Fax: 863–402–6768

Hillsborough County

Hillsborough County Circuit Court

George E. Edgecomb Courthouse

800 East Twiggs Street, Tampa, FL 33602

Telephone: 813–276–8100

Hillsborough County Circuit Court

Plant City Courthouse

301 North Michigan Avenue, Plant City, FL 33563

Phone: 813–276–8100

Hillsborough County Circuit Court

Brandon Regional Service Center

311 Pauls Drive, Suite 110, Brandon, FL 33511

Phone: 813–276–8100

Hillsborough County Circuit Court

Southshore Regional Service Center

410 30th Street SE, Ruskin, FL 33570

Phone: 813–276–8100

Holmes County

Holmes County Circuit Court

Holmes County Courthouse

201 North Oklahoma Street, PO. Box 397, Bonifay, FL 32425

Phone: 850–547–1100

Fax: 850–547–6630

Indian River County

Indian River Circuit Court

Indian River County Courthouse

2000 16th Avenue, PO Box 1028, Vero Beach, FL 32961

Telephone: 772–770–5185

Fax: 772–770–5008

Indian River Circuit Court

North County Office

11604 US Highway 1, Sebastian, FL 32958

Phone: 772–388–0656

Jackson County

Jackson County Circuit Court

Jackson County Courthouse

4445 Lafayette Street, PO Drawer 510, Marianna, FL 32447

Phone: 850–482–9552

Fax: 850–482–9920

Jefferson County

Jefferson County Circuit Court

Jefferson County Courthouse

1 Courthouse Circle, Monticello, FL 32344

Phone: 850–342–0218

Fax: 850–342–0222

Lafayette County

Lafayette County Courthouse

120 West Main Street, PO Box 88, Mayo, FL 32066

Telephone: 386–294–1600

Fax: 386–294–4231

Lake County

Lake County Circuit Court

550 West Main Street, PO Box 7800, Tavares, FL 32778

Telephone: 352–742–4100

Fax: 352–742–4110

Lake County Courthouse

550 West Main Street, North Wing, 3rd Floor, Tavares, FL 32778

Telephone: 352–253–2600

Fax: 352–253–2616

Lee County

Lee County Circuit Court

Lee County Justice Center

1700 Monroe Street, PO Box 2469, Fort Myers, FL 33902

Phone: 239–533–5000

Leon County

Leon County Circuit Court

Leon County Courthouse

301 South Monroe Street, Room 100, Tallahassee, FL 32301

Phone: 850–577–4000

Fax: 850–577–4013

Levy County

Levy County Circuit Court

Levy County Courthouse

355 South Court Street, Bronson, FL 32621

Phone: 352–486–5266

Fax: 352–486–5166

Liberty County

Liberty County Courthouse

10818 NW State Route 20, PO. Box 399, Bristol, FL 32321

Telephone: 850–643–2215

Madison County

Madison County Circuit Court

Madison County Courthouse

125 SW Range Avenue, PO. Box 237, Madison, FL 32341

Phone: 850–973–1500

Fax: 850–973–2059

Manatee County

Manatee County Historic Courthouse

1115 Manatee Avenue West, PO Bos 25400, Bradenton, FL 34205

Telephone: 941–749–1800

Marion County

Marion County Circuit Court

Marion County Judicial Center

110 NW 1st Avenue, PO. Box 1030, Ocala, FL 34478

Phone: 352–671–5604

Fax: 352–671–5600

Martin County

Martin County Circuit Court

Martin County Courthouse

100 SE Ocean Boulevard, Stuart, FL 34994

Phone: 772–288–5576

Monroe County

Monroe County Circuit Court

Key West Courthouse

500 Whitehead Street, Key West, FL 33040

Phone: 305–292–3458 (Civil)

Phone: 305–294–4641 (Criminal)

Phone: 305–295–3952 (Traffic)

Monroe County Circuit Court

Roth Office Building

50 High Point Road, Plantation Key, FL 33070

Phone: 305–852–7145

Monroe County Circuit Court

Plantation Key Government Center

88820 Overseas Highway, Plantation Key, FL 33070

Phone: 305–852–7145

Monroe County Circuit Court

Marathon Courthouse

3117 Overseas Highway, Marathon, FL 33050

Phone: 305–289–6027

Nassau County

Nassau County Circuit Court

Robert M. Foster Justice Center

76347 Veterans Way, Yulee, FL 32097

Phone: 904–548–4663

Nassau County Circuit Court

Nassau County Historic Courthouse

416 Centre Street, Fernandina Beach, FL 32034

Phone: 904–548–4663

Okaloosa County

Okaloosa County Circuit Court

Okaloosa County Courthouse

601-B North Pearl Street, Crestview, FL 32536

Phone: 850–689–5000

Okaloosa County Circuit Court

Okaloosa County Courthouse Annex Extension

1940 Lewis Turner Boulevard, Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547

Phone: 850–651–7200

Okeechobee County

Okeechobee County Circuit Court

Okeechobee County Courthouse

312 NW 3rd Street, Okeechobee, FL 34972

Phone: 863–763–2131

Orange County

Orange County Circuit Court

Orange County Courthouse

425 North Orange Avenue, Orlando, FL 32801

Phone: 407–836–2000

Orange County Circuit Court - Apopka Branch

1111 North Rock Springs Road, Apopka, FL 32712

Phone: 407–836–2007

Orange County Circuit Court - Goldenrod

684 Goldenrod Road, Orlando, FL 32822

Phone: 407–836–2007

Orange County Circuit Court - Juvenile Division

2000 East Michigan Street, Orlando, FL 32806

Phone: 407–836–2000

Orange County Circuit Court - Ocoee Branch

475 West Story Road, Ocoee, FL 34761

Phone: 407–836–2007

Orange County Circuit Court - Winter Park Branch

450 North Lakemont Avenue, Winter Park, FL 32792

Telephone: 407–836–2007

Osceola County

Osceola County Circuit Court

Osceola County Courthouse

2 Courthouse Square, Suite 2000, Kissimmee, FL 34741

Phone: 407–742–3715

Fax: 407–742–3699

Palm Beach County

Palm Beach County Circuit Court

Main Courthouse

205 North Dixie Highway, West Palm Beach, FL 33401

Phone: 561–355–2996

Palm Beach County Circuit Court

South County Courthouse

200 West Atlantic Avenue, Delray Beach, FL 33444

Phone: 561–274–1588 (Civil)

Phone: 561–355–2996 (Criminal)

Palm Beach County Circuit Court

North County Courthouse

3188 PGA Boulevard, Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410

Phone: 561–624–6650 (Civil)

Phone: 561–355–2996 (Criminal)

Palm Beach County Circuit Court

West County Courthouse

2950 State Road 15, Room S–100, Belle Glade, FL 33430

Phone: 561–996–4843

Pasco County

Circuit Court of Pasco County

Robert D. Sumner Judicial Center

38053 Live Oak Avenue, Dade City, FL 33523

Telephone: 352–523–2411 ext. 2211

Circuit Court of Pasco County

West Pasco Judicial Center

7530 Little Road, PO. Box 338, New Port Richey, FL 34656

Phone: 727–847–2411 ext. 2211

Pinellas County

Pinellas County Circuit Court

Tyrone Branch Office

1800 66th Street North, St Petersburg, FL 33710

Phone: 727–464–7000

Pinellas County Circuit Court

Clearwater Courthouse

315 Court Street, Clearwater, FL 33756

Phone: 727–464–7000

Pinellas County Circuit Court

Pinellas County Justice Center

14250 49th Street North, Clearwater, FL 33762

Phone: 727–464–7000

Pinellas County Circuit Court

St. Petersburg Judicial Building

545 1st Avenue North, St. Petersburg, FL 33701

Phone: 727–464–7000

Fax: 727–582–7990

Pinellas County Circuit Court

North County Branch Office

29582 US 19 North, Clearwater, FL 33761

Phone: 727–464–7000

Polk County

Polk County Circuit Court - Bartow Branch

Polk County Courthouse

255 North Broadway Avenue, Bartow, FL 33830

Phone: 863–534–4000

Polk County Circuit Court - Lakeland Branch

Polk County Government Center 

930 East Parker Street, Room 240, Lakeland, FL 33801

Phone: 863–534–4000

Polk County Circuit Court - Northeast Branch

NE Polk County Government Center

3425 Lake Alfred Road, Winter Haven, FL 33881

Phone: 863–534–4000

Polk County Circuit Court - Northeast Branch

NE Polk County Government Center

3425 Lake Alfred Road, Winter Haven, FL 33881

Phone: 863–534–4000

Putnam County

Putnam County Circuit Court

Putnam County Courthouse

410 St. Johns Avenue, PO. Box 758, Palatka, FL 32178

Phone: 386–326–7600

Fax: 386–329–0888

Putnam County Circuit Court

Interlachen Satellite Office

1114 State Road 20, Suite 2, Interlachen, FL 32148

Phone: 386–684–3717

Fax: 386–684–4640

Putnam County Circuit Court

Crescent City Satellite Office

19 North Summit Street, Crescent City, FL 32112

Phone: 386–698–1217

Fax: 386–698–4283

Santa Rosa County

Santa Rosa County Circuit Court

Santa Rosa County Courthouse

6865 Caroline Street, PO Box 472, Milton, FL 32572

Phone: 850–981–5554

Fax: 850–626–7849

Sarasota County

Sarasota County Circuit Court

Sarasota County Historic Courthouse

2000 Main Street, Sarasota, FL 34237

Phone: 941–861–7400

Sarasota County Circuit Court - Venice Branch

Robert L. Anderson Administration Center

4000 South Tamiami Trail, Venice, FL 34293

Phone: 941–861–7400

Seminole County

Seminole County Circuit Court

Altamonte Springs Branch

995 North State Road 434, Suite 403, Altamonte Springs, FL 32714

Phone: 407–862–5373

Seminole County Circuit Court

Casselberry Branch

376 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 376, Casselberry, FL 32707

Phone: 407–830–7337

Seminole County Circuit Court

Seminole County Civil Courthouse

301 North Park Avenue, Sanford, FL 32771

Phone: 407–665–4330

Fax: 407–330–7193

Seminole County Circuit Court

Criminal Justice Center

101 Eslinger Way, Sanford, FL 32773

Phone: 407–665–4450

Fax: 407–665–4545

St. Johns County

St. Johns County Circuit Court

Richard O. Watson Judicial Center

4010 Lewis Speedway, St Augustine, FL 32084

Phone: 904–819–3600

Fax: 904–819–3661

St. Lucie County

St. Lucie County Circuit Court

Fort Pierce Courthouse

218 South 2nd Street, Ft. Pierce, FL 34950

Phone: 772–462–6900

St. Lucie County Circuit Court

Clerk of Court Office

201 South Indian River Drive, PO Box 700, Ft. Pierce, FL 34954

Phone: 772–462–6900

Sumter County

Sumter County Circuit Court

Sumter County Courthouse

215 East McCollum Avenue, Bushnell, FL 33513

Phone: 352–569–6600

Fax: 352–569–6623

Sumter County Circuit Court

North Sumter Annex

8033 East CR–466, The Villages, FL 32162

Phone: 352–689–4625

Fax: 352–689–4626

Suwannee County

Suwannee County Circuit Court

Suwannee County Courthouse

200 South Ohio Avenue, Live Oak, FL 32064

Phone: 386–362–0500

Taylor County

Taylor County Circuit Court

108 North Jefferson Street, Suite 102, Perry, FL 32347

Phone: 850–838–3506

Union County

Union County Circuit Court

Union County Courthouse

55 West Main Street, Room 103, Lake Butler, FL 32054

Phone: 386–496–3711

Fax: 386–496–1718

Volusia County

Volusia County Circuit Court

Daytona Beach Courthouse Annex

125 East Orange Avenue, Daytona Beach, FL 32114

Phone: 386–257–6000

Fax: 386–257–6039

Volusia County Circuit Court

Daytona Beach Justice Center

251 North Ridgewood Avenue, Daytona Beach, FL 32114

Phone: 386–239–7750

Fax: 386–239–7752

Volusia County Circuit Court

New Smyrna Beach Courthouse Annex

124 North Riverside Drive, New Smyrna Beach, FL 32168

Phone: 386–423–3300

Fax: 386–423–3348

Volusia County Circuit Court

Volusia County Courthouse

101 North Alabama Avenue, DeLand, FL 32724

Phone: 386–736–5915

Fax: 386–822–5711

Wakulla County

Wakulla County Circuit Court

Wakulla County Courthouse

3056 Crawfordville Highway, Crawfordville, FL 32327

Phone: 850–926–0905

Fax: 850–926–0938

Walton County

Walton County Circuit Court

Walton County Courthouse

571 US Highway 90 East, PO. Box 1260, DeFuniak Springs, FL 32435

Telephone: 850–892–8115

Walton County Circuit Court

South Walton Courthouse Annex

31 Coastal Centre Boulevard, Suite 500, Santa Rosa Beach, FL 32459

Telephone: 850–267–3066

Washington County

Washington County Circuit Court

Washington County Courthouse

1293 Jackson Avenue, Chipley, FL 32428

Phone: 850–638–6289

Fax: 850–638–6288

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